FAQ information about Bengal cats and kitten
Understanding %=F and
ABC's of TICA Pedigrees

this page copied, with permission, from Trendar Bengals

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Asian Leopard Cat

Bengal History began with the wild Asian Leopard Cats used in their creation

Asian Leopard Cat  Different sub-species of Leopard Cats  Asian Leopard Cat
Trendar Bengals owned these 3 leopard cats
Holly was never bitten, attacked and was only scratched one time as the ALC slowly reached out to play with my hand.
The touch was so light I barely felt it, but it did cut my skin.

A Small Timid, Arboreal Forest Dwelling Leopard
Today's foundation breeders are dedicated to  long term commitment of creating the most wild looking pet that is also predictable, playful, confident, active, and loves to curl in your lap and purr its self to sleep. 
The Bengals courage gives it the easy going nature to quickly accept new people and other pets. Bengals stay playful through out their life. They like to play in water and often play fetch. Like any animal early experiences are important in developing a healthy attitude toward life. 
Any cat raised in a cage with little exposure to new sights, sounds, activities, other animals and people will be shy and defensive. It is difficult to teach old dogs, or cats, new tricks.



The first generation crosses, referred to as 
F1 and F2 are not your typical house cat.
ALC breeds domestic cat, may be a Bengal or... = F1, first generation

F1, first generation breeds Bengal or other domestic cat = F2, second generation.
to be considered fully domestic a Bengal must be 5 generations from the wild ALC

Silver F1 Spotlite F1
Silver Sabbath

bred by Trendar Bengaals,
her mother was a silver Egyptian Mau

Spotlite is my
TICA cattery name
for my silver Bengal
breeding program
She was such a sweet
cuddly girl... I will always rememver her


What is a small forest dwelling leopard cat??

The Asian Leopard Cat (here in referred to as ALC
is the backbone of the Bengal breed. The Domestic Bengal gets it's name from the ALC's scientific name Felis Bengaensis. 
ALC's come in a wide range of colorations from light gold to sandy brown 
to rich orange. Some have spots while others have rosettes. 
The southern subspecies's, as in above photo, are small and lean, usually weighing from 8 to 10 pounds.
There are several small subspecies with different scientific names very common through out the jungles of Asia. They used to be considered endangered because their timid secretive nature made them hard to count.

Euptilura Subspecies, Has it's larger size to offer Genetically

Amurian ALC  Felis Euptilura  Amurian, Euptilura ALC


Ido is of the Euptilura subspecies of Felis Bengalensis, 
outwardly quite different from smaller subspecies which is more commonly used in the creation of the Domestic Bengal breed. 
Euptilura are usually covered with a rosette pattern, they are often more 
than twice as large as many southern subspecies, with a dense short coat, heavy bone and muscling, and shorter, thick tail. These traits are necessary for 
survival in the cold northern regions where they originate. The Euptilura 
has earned the nick name of Amur, for the Amur region of Russia where they are commonly found.

F1 from Euptilura
IDO NAQIT, Euptilura  'Amur' subspecies
 added his wonderful patterns with large well separated spots 
and rosettes, these two F1 kittens bred by Trendar Bengals
    Euptilura add larger size and generally a more easy going 
temperament Their dense soft coat, thick low slung tail, wonderful 
heads with long faces and tiny ears give 'IDO' descendants a cutting edge on wild looks and larger size



Laws and Licenses,
this info is very old and has probably changed,
but check with your state and local officials to be sure.

To own one ALC does not require a license from the United States Dept of Interior, USDI, or USDA, United States Dept of Agriculture, unless it is deemed an endangered subspecies. 
Owning an ALC is not like owning a Domestic Bengal cat. 
They are elusive and timid. They do not like noise and unfamiliar changes upset them. 
Most homes are not suitable to provide the security and comfort needed by a wild cat. Many city, county or state laws regulating the keeping of a wild animal. Owning an ALC does not mean you will get kittens. Not all ALC recognize or breed domestic cats, or their own kind.  While Electro Ejaculation is a relatively simple procedure, conception is not. Any time an animal is anesthetized there is the risk of death. Female cats ovulate after multiple stimulation by the spines on the males penis. Drugs can be used to encourage ovulation, but they are unreliable and can cause a uterine infection resulting in loss any possible fetus and loss of the female .


F Numbers  

Trendar F2 Starla    Trendar F2 Starla 
this is  Trendar F2 Starla, a Female Kitten

F refers to Foundation Generation cross between ALC and domestic. This F number is for quick reference. TICA registration numbers are used to explain more clearly the ancestry of Foundation cats.
F1, A1T is the first generation cross, 50% or higher ALC blood 
Most males are sterile, females are bred to domestic SBT Bengals 
F2 is the second dilution of wild blood... Most males are sterile 
F3 is the third dilution.. some males are fertile 
F4 is usually the last dilution needed to produce Bengals with fertile males and females.
 A few F4 males are not fertile.

4th Generation from non domestic ancestor can be AOT; BOT; COT or SBT. this depends on whether only Bengals were used in the creation of the line, or whether an Egyptian Mau or other domestic breeds was used with the Foundation Bengals. 
4th generation, using Bengal to Bengal breeding produces SBT. 
TICA registration numbers tell a lot more about a Bengal's Heritage than the simple use of Foundation numbers


Trendar F2 Starla

ABC's of TICA Pedigrees
Each cat registered with TICA has it's
own unique registration number.

these have changed since writing and will be updates as soon as time allows

Understanding the meaning of the different characters in the registration number will give you an idea of the cat's ancestry.

If the cat is not SBT, then the first character of the prefix will be one of the following: 
A- This cat has a parent registered as another breed or not registered (may be wild or domestic) 
B- This cat has at least one grandparent that is another breed. 
C- This cat has a great-grandparent that is another breed 
0- This cat has an unregistered or unknown cat in it's 3 generation pedigree.

the second character will be one of the following: 
1- This cat has an unregistered or unknown parent ( in Bengals this includes the wild ancestor) 
2- This cat has at least one unregistered or unknown grandparent 
3- This cat has at least one unregistered or non-domestic great grandparent 
0- This cat has no unregistered or non-domestic cats in the three generation pedigree, but has cats registered as another breed within three generations.

             this is a BOT F4 silver bengal  BOT, F4, Silver Bengal.
Her grand mother was an Egyptian Mau

The third character of the registration code will be 
T- (Traditional) Only the breed in question within a three generation pedigree 
V- (Variant) Crosses outside the breed but within the group within a three-generation pedigree 
P- (Permissible) Crosses outside the breed or breed group which are permitted by the breeding program which has been established for the breed 
N- (Non-Permissible) Crosses outside the breed or breed group which are not among those which are specifically allowed by the breeding program in progressing to established Championship statue.

Several people have B0T Bengals " grandsire/dam is E. Mau or other accepted non Bengal breed." now their kittens will be registered as CON.

If you breed a CON to SBT; or CON to CON you will get an SBT.

The six numbers following the prefix indicate the cat's birth date month, day, year

The last three numbers are number of the cats currently registered with TICA that were born the same day as your cat, could be any breed.

pregnant F1 
            F1 Treestar of Trendar, very sweet, and very pregnant.

Bengal Registries in the USA;

TICA; The International Cat Association 
TICA is a Genetic Registry, for keeping track of the heritage of pedigreed cats. 
There are TICA clubs in most states in the USA, and in many other countries. 
In 1985 TICA accepted the Brown Spotted Bengal Cat for entry into their cat shows in their New Breed and Color (NBC) Class. 
In early 1991 TICA accepted Brown Spotted Tabby SBT Bengals for showing for full Championship. 
In 1994 TICA accepted the Marbled Pattern on Bengals along with the Spotted Pattern in traditional Brown Tabby color and in Seal Mink, Seal Sepia and Seal Lynx Point colors.  
In 2004 TICA accepted the Silver color for show Championship.

ACFA; American Cat Fanciers Association 
ACFA accepted Bengals for registry in the early 90's. 
ACFA accepted the SBT Bengal for Championship Show status at their ACFA shows in May of 1998. 
ACFA accepted the breed standards, colors and patterns recognized by TICA.
CFA accepted Bengals to be shows with full status in 2018

UFO; United Feline Organization, 1995 Accepts any color Bengal that is genetically possible, including those with NBC status in TICA and ACFA. 
Silver, Blue and Melanistic or Black.


CANADA - TICA, (CCA) Canadian Cat Association. accepted for Championship 1993 
ENGLAND - TICA, (GCCF) The Governing Council of Cat Fancy (1997) 

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